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Montessori Curriculum

Montessori curriculum is based on the research and findings of Dr. Maria Montessori (1870 - 1952). Montessori evolved a philosophy of human development that would later spark major educational movements and influence child development approaches throughout the world.

Montessori's method is structured around, and promotes, the child's natural, self-initiated impulse to become absorbed in an environment and to learn from it. Based on her observations, Dr. Montessori developed specific materials, techniques and curriculum areas that assist each child in reaching his or her full potential.

Montessori Curriculum Areas

Practical Life

The Practical Life section lays the foundation for all other work to be done in the classroom. The activities are everyday tasks that a child needs to learn to master the care of self and care of the environment. Such activities include pouring, sweeping and tying, as well as grace and courtesy. The activities are presented to the child in such a way that concentration, coordination, independence and order are developed.

  • Learning organizational skills
  • Developing cognitive order
  • Caring for the classroom, materials, plants, animals, outdoor environment
  • Learning food preparation
  • Caring for one's personal needs
  • Learning graceful movements and courteous behavior
  • Developing early conflict resolution skills


The goal of the Montessori Sensorial section is to 
educate the child's senses. This curriculum area 
contains Montessori-specific materials that help 
the child refine his or her experience of sight, sound, 
touch, taste and smell. In addition, the materials 
of this section are modeled on scientifically-based 
concepts, such as metric system dimensions 
or algebraic formulas. Sensory experience with 
materials such as these are the child's first step 
toward understanding the abstract concepts they represent.

  • Developing a sense of order
  • Learning to classify impressions
  • Learning to describe impressions related to length, width, size, color, temperature, mass, color, pitch


Mathematics in the Montessori classroom can be separated into a few major categories: beginning counting, advanced counting, the decimal system, rational numbers (fractions), and the operations of addition, multiplication, subtraction and division. Concepts are presented in a very concrete way so that children 3-6 are not only able to count, but skip count, square numbers and work with numbers in the thousands. Once the child has a firm foundation in the operations of addition, multiplication, subtraction and division, memorization of facts is introduced. 

  • Using manipulative materials to learn numbers
  • Learning quantities
  • Learning sequencing
  • Learning basic mathematical operations and memorizing basic facts
  • Experiencing complex numbers up to the thousands
  • Experiencing early introductions to fractions


Montessori language curriculum is an integrated approach that combines phonetics and whole language. The child is first introduced to letters and sounds. After several sounds are mastered, he can begin to encode (spell) and decode (read) words by linking these sounds together. Words that do not follow the patterns or rules of the English language are presented as sight words. Once the child has gained confidence with his language skills, he can use it to enhance his studies in other areas of the classroom. He can read to research science, geography and history. He can write reports, sharing his learning with his peers. He can follow written recipes and instructions, and record his observations and results.

  • Enriching spoken language and vocabulary
  • Developing the means for written expression
  • Working in the fundamentals of reading
  • Studying grammar
  • Engaging in creative drama
  • Experiencing children's literature


A child of age 2 to 6 years old is concerned with absorbing the real world around him. The science materials present certain aspects of this world, in such a way that the child can observe, experiment, demonstrate and record what he has learned. The focus here is that the child learns how to be a scientist: objective, organized, able to perform tasks in a predetermined order, and record the results. He learns to classify, label and differentiate. Science is a hands-on activity that includes biology, botany, zoology, and physical science.

Culture Studies

The topic of Culture Studies integrates and emphasizes a region or population's geography, history, music, art, etc. The children study different areas of the world, and experience concrete examples of that area's language, literature, dress, food, artwork and music, both past and present. This increasingly important area introduces the child to our planet's great diversity of people.

  • Experiencing geography
  • Learning about time and history
  • Studying the life sciences
  • Working with music concepts
  • Engaging in art expression
  • Experiencing Spanish instruction
  • Participating in movement activities

Kidsland provides an environment that encourages emotional, social, physical and academic skills to develop. The Kidsland child gains a positive attitude about himself/herself, school, other people and the world! This essential foundation ensures future success in learning and in life.

Social Intelligence

  • Acquires self-discipline
  • Acquires increased independence derived from new skills and competencies
  • Acquires knowledge of appropriate social behaviors and a willingness to follow rules
  • Acquires patience and the ability to share
  • Acquires respect for others

Moral Intelligence

  • Develops perseverance, good work habits
  • Develops the ability to make positive choices
  • Develops care and respect for the classroom environment and others

Intellectual Intelligence

  • Gains an orderly mind - clarification and classification of impressions
  • Gains increased cultural knowledge and vocabulary
  • Gains refinement of sensory perceptions and discrimination
  • Gains logical/linear thinking skills
  • Gains the ability to maintain sustained interest
  • Gains a foundation for language and mathematics abstraction
  • Gains functional skills in reading, writing and mathematics 

Emotional Intelligence

  • Discovers pleasure in purposeful activity
  • Discovers serenity, calmness, satisfaction and emotional equilibrium
  • Discovers a concern for living things
  • Discovers love for people and the environment
  • Discovers optimism and a positive attitude about the world




The child can only develop by means of

experience in his/her environment.

We call such experience work.

Dr. Maria Montessori




















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